Montesacro todayMontesacro is a neighborhood in the north-eastern outskirts of Rome, built in the early 20th century, at the fifth kilometre of the via Nomentana road, with the name “Garden City Aniene”, which later took its present name by the hill on which the famous secession of the Roman plebs in 494 BC took place. The neighborhood has 62,599 inhabitants (2010) and it is a part of the Third (former Fourth) district of the City of Rome.
The area surrounding Montesacro was the scene of several historical events and archaeological and paleontological findings; here below you find a list of some of them, also referred to eighboring areas, but still very close to Montesacro and linked to it.
Even being a suburban area of a city which holds plenty of artistic and landscape treasures, Montesacro shows many interesting and nice to see things. In the area on which today Montesacro lies, many important paleontological findings were dug, including two of the most relevant remains of Neanderthal men.
In the Roman age, in the area on which today Montesacro lies, many villae, i.e. rural residences with adjoining farms, rose and the area was the scene of many historical events. Several Latin authors wrote about these facts.
Middle AgesThe libertador of Latin America, Simón Bolívar (1783–1830) was in Rome in 1805 and on August 15th he visited Monte Sacro, where he pronounced his famous oath by which it undertook to dedicate his life to the ause of liberation of South American countries from Spanish colonial domination.
Antifascist resistance in Rome saw many people of Montesacro at the forefront, and as many as fourteen of its inhabitants lost their lives for the liberation from the Nazi-fascist dictatorship.
Since the early twentieth century many celebrities dwelt in Montesacro which also was the set of several films.